Treatment of varicose veins by laser is an advanced, reliable and less traumatic method. This disease brings cosmetic problem and is a disease, the carrier risk to human health, and promotes venous differentiation of blood vessels. Thus there is a probability of formation of a blood clot, which can at any moment to break away, and then comes death. Conducted in the early stages, laser therapy helps to overcome varicose veins and to achieve excellent aesthetic result.
Indications and contraindications
The reason to perform the operation by laser is varicose saphenous veins of the lower extremities. Laser treatment is used when the mouth is increased not more than 1 cm Vessels should have a smooth course without the presence of steep fractures, and the waste from these convolutions to be healthy or a little advanced. This therapeutic method gives a positive effect only in the early stage of the disease, if the varicose is expressed to a small degree.
Laser therapy shown on a small part so it doesn't are able to adversely affect the nearby tissue. It does not apply on damaged vessels, if they occupy a large area. Its inefficiency, this method was shown in varicose veins deep vein.
The list of contraindications to the treatment method of laser photocoagulation comprises:
- hormonal means;
- diabetes mellitus;
- inflammatory and suppurative processes in the lower extremities;
- intolerance to elastic compression.
Though contraindications to surgical intervention aimed at getting rid of varicose veins enough, but they are specific and subject to individual consideration.
How is the procedure of laser photocoagulation
The clinical equipment is provided by selective and sparing a therapeutic effect on the region of the wall of the vein. Cold laser prevents heating of the blood and further clot formation.
Removal of vessels on the lower extremities begins with marking of the veins. With the help of ultrasound marker, the layout of the affected venous network. These manipulations allow to enter through the inconspicuous puncture (diameter 3 mm) led.
Then do a local anesthesia is used more often novocaine, but can be applied and other anesthetics. This is solved by the anesthesiologist. The objectives of this procedure are pain relief and the establishment of protective cover near the operated area. Is performed anesthesia with a thin needle under ultrasound control.
After this is performed the operation. The doctor selects the optimal mode and strength of the impact on the affected areas. Through the puncture is injected into a vein disposable led. When it is drawn, the handling of the vessel walls by the laser pulse. This leads to them bonding. People during surgery often feels nothing or feels a slight tingling.
Effects of treatment of varicose veins laser
Complications after laser coagulation of varicose veins occur in rare cases. The effects of the operation include:
- the formation of blood clots;
- the development of inflammatory processes;
- burns to the dermis;
- accumulation of blood under the skin;
- the appearance of bruises.
For the first two days after treatment in the legs may experience pain, especially Vienna, where the surgery was performed. The seams on the area of operations in the period of rehabilitation must be carefully treated. To do this, overlap the bandages. If the stitches in time will not be processed, and bandages are not replaced by fresh, wounds can deteriorate.
The postoperative period
Compression of the lower extremities necessarily in the period of rehabilitation after the laser treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities. Upon completion of your laser procedure will be removed when the affected vein is, necessarily, a doctor places elastic band.
Further the bandage is changed to a special compression underwear. Thanks to compression in the deep veins of the legs improves blood flow, surface vessels cease to grow. To wear special stockings, tights or knee socks are required every day. After surgery, they do not remove even at night.
In the postoperative period requires a series of simple rules. After laser surgery for eliminating varicose veins people should move. It is recommended to walk at least 1 hour. It is necessary at some time to withdraw from:
- the Solarium;
Prohibited physical activity in the gym. Preventive treatment of varicose veins consists of an active and healthy lifestyle. After completion of treatment the person needs:
- eat right and control your weight;
- to abandon the use of alcohol and cigarettes;
- to make Hiking and Cycling.
Doctors recommend to do exercises to increase the elasticity of the veins.
The total price of varicose vein treatment with laser consists of the following factors:
- a doctor's advice;
- preliminary ultrasound examination;
- difficulty surgery;
- postoperative monitoring by a doctor.
The cost of laser treatment for varicose veins is also affected by stage of disease, localization of lesions and their number.