The information in this section cannot be used for self-diagnosis and self-medication. In case of pain or other exacerbation of the disease, diagnostic tests should be prescribed only by the attending physician. For a diagnosis and the correct appointment of treatment, you should contact a specialized specialist.
Varicose veins are one of the most common vascular diseases. It affects approximately 25% of women and 10% of men worldwide. This ailment is a pathological process in which the veins swell and protrude. It is caused by poor vascular patency. As a result, blood accumulates and stretches their walls. They become too thin, which manifests itself in a bluish mesh on the skin. The main reason for the development of the disease is considered to be hormonal changes. The menstrual cycle, pregnancy, labor and menopause are all reasons why women are more prone to this ailment and are more interested in its treatment than men.
Signs of varicose veins in women
Quite often, patients miss the initial stage of the disease. They attribute the symptoms that accompany the ailment to general ailments, uncomfortable shoes, bad weather conditions, drops in atmospheric pressure, etc. Such tactics are wrong. It is very important to notice the main signs of varicose veins at the initial stage. In this case, his treatment will be easier and faster. The most common symptoms of the disease include:
- Swelling of the feet. It is worth noting that the limbs will be poured both simultaneously and separately.
- Vascular mesh on the skin of the legs.
- Itching and burning sensation in calves.
- Increased pigmentation of the skin of the legs.
- The vessels on the lower extremities become clearly visible even with the naked eye.
- Great feeling of heaviness in the legs, worse in the evening.
- Convulsions in the lower extremities.
In addition to the above characteristic manifestations, the veins in the legs acquire increased sensitivity. A woman, when palpating them, experiences painful sensations. Bruises and wounds on the legs do not heal for a long time. Injuries occur even from the slightest blows. The limbs eventually become covered with sores. All of these symptoms worsen after prolonged standing or exercise. If you find at least one or several of these manifestations at once, you should immediately contact a qualified specialist.
The reasons for the development of the disease
As a rule, the disease occurs against the background of the individual characteristics of the organism, which depend on the patient's lifestyle and her genetic predisposition. The main congenital cause of the development of the disease is considered to be excessive weakness of the valve apparatus of the veins. However, the factors provoking this disease are known to medicine. The most common are:
- systematic standing in a standing position;
- sedentary work;
- sedentary lifestyle;
- excessive physical activity;
- uncomfortable shoes;
- bad habits.
In addition, women are prone to this disease due to pregnancy. Varicose veins of the lower extremities can manifest itself both directly during the period of bearing a child, and after childbirth.
Very often, the pathology of the cardiovascular system is a provoking factor. They are accompanied by problems with blood flow through the veins. This leads to chronic valve failure. Against the background of these processes, the blood in the veins stagnates. It overwhelms them and promotes stretching. Knots and seals are formed. Over time, deformation of the vessel walls occurs. Under the influence of these processes, the trophism of the legs is disturbed. Complications appear on the calves in the form of long-term non-healing wounds.
Which doctor should I go to?
The disease is not only an aesthetic problem, but also brings significant discomfort and can lead to dangerous consequences. Therefore, at the first uncharacteristic changes in well-being, a woman should go to a medical institution. Initially, you should visit a therapist. It is this doctor who will listen to the patient's complaints and recommend that she contact a narrow specialist. The diagnosis and treatment of this pathology is carried out by:
- Vascular surgeon
Before telling how to treat varicose veins on the legs in women, the doctor should familiarize himself with the clinical manifestations. To do this, he will conduct a survey, during which he will ask the patient:
- How long have you started to worry about unpleasant sensations?
- How much time do you spend on your feet?
- Does the swelling of the lower extremities bother you?
- What is your professional activity related to?
- What chronic diseases do you have in history?
- Is there a genetic predisposition to the disease?
- Do you use hormonal drugs?
After the interview, the doctor will examine and palpate the affected limbs. He will also appoint the passage of instrumental and laboratory tests. Their results will make it possible to make the most accurate diagnosis.
Conservative treatment of varicose veins on the legs in women
As soon as the doctor receives the test data, he will start drawing up a course of therapeutic procedures focused on eliminating the disease. The method of treatment is selected on a case-by-case basis. In the initial stages, specialists resort to conservative therapies. This type of treatment involves the use of medicines of the following groups:
- Phlebotonikov. They relieve cramps.
- Analgesics. These drugs relieve pain.
- Drugs that reduce the risk of thrombosis.
Also, many experts recommend that women wear compression underwear. The stockings are selected by the doctor. He also tells how to use them correctly. During treatment, you should refuse to visit saunas and take hot baths. High temperatures expand the wonw and reduce its tone. Doctors recommend visiting the pool 2-3 times a week.
Diet also plays an important role in eliminating the disease. A woman suffering from varicose veins should refuse:
- coffee and tea;
- fatty and fried.
You should enrich the diet with freshly squeezed juices. These can be citrus, blueberry and apricot nectars. If the doctor finds a high risk of thrombosis, then he should recommend the use of pumpkin juice. Fasting days also have a beneficial effect. They will allow the body to get rid of toxins and excess weight. You need to spend such days no more than three times a month. In some cases, doctors prescribe hirudotherapy. It also has a positive effect on the state of the vessels of the lower extremities.
If the disease is at an advanced stage, then you cannot do without the intervention of a vascular surgeon. This specialist will perform surgical treatment of varicose veins in the lower extremities. The most popular and effective methods are:
- Coagulation. It can be laser or radio frequency. Today, this type of treatment is carried out under local anesthesia and makes it possible to undergo outpatient recovery.
- Phlebectomy. This type of treatment is aimed at excising nodes and removing veins that have been deformed.
- Sclerotherapy. It provides for point injection. In some of the most severe cases, the procedure is performed under the supervision of an ultrasound machine.
All of the above techniques are aimed at removing nodules and seals. After surgery, it is important to make every effort to avoid recurrence. Therefore, all appointments of the attending physician should be followed.