There are primary and secondary varicose veins of the lower extremities. The secondary develops as a result of injuries, tumors, etc. , when the venous system cannot fully perform its functions.
Primary develops due to the weakness of the venous wall. Causes that contribute to the development of varicose veins of the lower extremities:
- hormonal imbalance;
- heavy static loads;
- work associated with prolonged standing (for example, hairdressers, sellers, waiters);
- sitting in the wrong position, especially cross-legged;
- shoes with high heels;
- sedentary lifestyle.
All these factors contribute to the deterioration of the outflow of blood from the lower extremities, thereby superficial veins overflow, expand, and blood stagnation forms. An important role in the development of the disease is played by heredity.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - symptoms
Varicose veins of the lower extremities are accompanied by such signs:
- swelling of the legs by the end of the working day;
- feeling of heaviness in the legs;
- cramps in the calf muscles mainly at night;
- pain, burning sensation in the legs;
- spider veins on the legs;
- formation of trophic ulcers.
Spider veins are small red-blue nodules on the skin that can be seen on the legs at the very beginning of the disease. Often, varicose veins of the lower extremities during pregnancy cause particular discomfort.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - stages
There are several stages in the development of the disease:
- compensation - spider veins and tortuous veins appear on the legs, no complaints
- subcompensation - there are complaints of swelling, cramps of the calf muscles, a feeling of heaviness, fatigue in the legs, pronounced dilated veins are visually determined
- decompensation - dermatitis, small hemorrhages are added, the skin becomes dense, dry, easily injured, age spots appear
The earlier the disease is detected, the easier it is to treat.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - diagnosis
For an accurate diagnosis of the disease, you must consult a doctor. Vascular surgery deals with varicose veins of the lower extremities. To make a diagnosis, in addition to complaints and visual examination, it is necessary to apply special research methods.
Duplex angioscanning is considered the gold standard. This method combines ultrasound and Doppler scanning. Thus, it is possible to see the state of the vascular wall in real time and evaluate the blood flow velocity in the venous system of the lower extremities.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - complications
If there are varicose veins of the lower extremities, treatment should begin faster, otherwise the disease will progress, which is fraught with serious complications. Stagnation of blood in the veins contributes to the formation of blood clots, phlebothrombosis develops, and if the vein also becomes inflamed - thrombophlebitis.
The formed blood clots at any time can break from their place and enter the bloodstream. In this case, the thrombus enters the veins of the lungs, clogging them. At the same time, a person can die from suffocation even before the arrival of an ambulance, because such a formidable complication is extremely difficult to treat even in a specialized hospital, and there is very little time to save a life.
In addition, due to stagnation of blood, the nutrition of the lower extremities is disturbed. Deep trophic ulcers form on the skin, which do not heal well and tend to spread. This can lead to limb amputation.
Based on the fact that the complications of varicose veins of the lower extremities are not at all harmless, it is necessary to contact a qualified specialist as soon as possible. Only a doctor can prescribe effective treatment and help avoid complications.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - how to treat with ointments
In the pharmacy you can find a huge amount of ointments for varicose veins of the lower extremities. They are based on substances that improve tissue trophism, relieve swelling and strengthen the vascular wall. Varicose veins of the lower extremities, photos and reviews of ointments are on the pages of drugs on the network.
In the early stages of the development of the disease, the use of various ointments can improve the condition of the venous system and slow down the progression of the disease, but finally it will not be possible to defeat varicose veins of the lower extremities. The results will be only after visiting the doctor.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - conservative treatment
It is based on the use of compression underwear, stockings, golf, tights, and sometimes diets. How to cure varicose veins of the lower extremities? Medical treatment without surgery cannot be considered 100% effective when the manifestations of the disease are quite severe. If there are trophic ulcers and varicose veins of the lower extremities are running, treatment without surgery is impossible.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - treatment: surgery or procedure?
- intravascular coagulation. Do you have varicose veins of the lower extremities? Laser treatment in Moscow is a small endovascular operation, during which a vein is obliterated with a laser. You will be removed varicose veins of the lower extremities, laser treatment is based on the introduction of blood flow into the desired vein. This is how varicose veins of the lower extremities are defeated. Laser treatment, which is not so expensive, takes little time and is well tolerated by patients, and they forget that they had varicose veins of the lower extremities, laser treatment (the price in our center is affordable) is very effective. The final figure depends on the stage of the disease and the amount of work of the doctor. Do not be afraid that then again attacks the varicose veins of the lower extremities. Laser treatment (reviews are very numerous! ) Will definitely put you on your feet!
- Short stripping is a minimally invasive technique in which a small section of the affected main vein is removed. Thus, it is possible to save as many healthy parts of the veins as possible.
- Cryophlebectomy - removal of a vein using a cryoprobe. The operation is less traumatic - however, one small incision is made to insert the probe. After the operation, you immediately see the results.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - radiofrequency treatment
How to remove varicose veins of the lower extremities? RFA treatment is of particular interest to patients. Why do many people dream of eliminating varicose veins of the lower extremities, do they prefer RFO treatment?
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an operation that can be performed on an outpatient basis if you want to forget varicose veins in the lower extremities. RFA treatment in Moscow uses a radio frequency, which is used to "solder" a vein and remove varicose veins of the lower extremities. RFO treatment in Moscow is fast and effective.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - treatment with sclerotherapy
Sclerotherapy is a treatment method in which a special substance is injected into the affected vein, which causes its sclerosis.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - treatment with sclerotherapy
Sclerotherapy can be added to any intervention on the veins. The procedure is virtually painless and is performed on an outpatient basis.
Phlebectomy is a traditional operation to remove the affected veins of the lower extremities. It is carried out in a hospital by vascular or general surgeons to finally remove varicose veins of the lower extremities. Treatment after surgery consists of long-term pain medication, antibiotics, and compression therapy.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities. What to treat?
Each treatment method has its indications and contraindications. To choose the best method, you need to consult a doctor, he will evaluate your varicose veins of the lower extremities, how to cure - he will also tell you.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities, treatment at home
Along with surgical treatment, there are auxiliary methods that can slightly remove varicose veins of the lower extremities. Treatment with folk remedies that can be done at home.
Caution - varicose veins of the lower extremities
Treatment with folk methods (the prices for herbs and creams differ), but still do not place too much hope on a green pharmacy.
It is important to pay attention to nutrition if there is varicose veins of the lower extremities, treatment with folk methods, the price of which is a penny. It is necessary to limit the consumption of meat, spicy, salty and smoked foods, increase the amount of vegetables and fruits in the diet and exclude alcohol and coffee.
The optimal daily routine and therapeutic exercises will help improve blood circulation in the limbs. This will take 10-15 minutes a day.
Simple folk methods of treatment can complement the complex of measures for the treatment of varicose veins. Rubbing the feet with horse chestnut tincture, apple cider vinegar, garlic butter and many other remedies have been known since ancient times. They will relieve varicose veins of the lower extremities, the cost, photos and results can be viewed on our website on the Internet.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - prevention
For prevention, it is necessary first of all to adhere to the regime of work. You can not constantly be on your feet or sit in one position. From time to time it is worth taking small breaks to give your legs a rest.
After a hard day's work, you can do a foot massage, after which it is advisable to put your feet on a dais. This improves the outflow of blood from the limbs.
You can not get involved in a hot bath and sauna. For the prevention of varicose veins, it is much more useful to take a contrast shower and rinse your legs with cool water.
It's important to watch your weight. Excess body weight increases the load on the venous system and contributes to the development of the disease.
If there is a predisposition to the development of the disease, and it is not possible to exclude all risk factors, it is better to engage in prevention. Even if the disease has already begun, do not despair. Varicose veins of the lower extremities are not a sentence. With timely detection of the problem and contacting specialists, you can get rid of the disease and avoid serious complications.
Frequently asked questions of patients about varicose veins of the lower extremities
Is varicose veins of the lower extremities dangerous during pregnancy?
Varicose veins of the lower extremities during pregnancy carry certain risks of the likelihood of developing thromboembolic complications. Therefore, it is necessary to contact a phlebologist and follow his recommendations.
I have had varicose veins of the lower extremities for a long time, what operation is better to do?
If you have varicose veins of the lower extremities, modern minimally invasive surgery will be optimal. The best today are thermal obliteration techniques (laser and radio frequency).
I was diagnosed with varicose veins of the lower extremities, how is the operation done?
You have been diagnosed with varicose veins of the lower extremities, and therefore, an operation is indicated. In our country there is no single approach to the choice of surgical treatment. There is a classic and obsolete technique of phlebectomy, with incisions and anesthesia. This operation is usually done in public hospitals. In specialized phlebological centers, innovative techniques are used through puncture accesses (punctures). Such operations are performed on an outpatient basis, under local anesthesia, without incisions and pain.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities, what is it?
Varicose veins of the lower extremities is a chronic progressive disease, manifested by pathological expansion of the venous vessels, disruption of the normal functioning of the valves of the veins, which adversely affects the blood flow. This condition often develops in people whose work and lifestyle are associated with prolonged static load.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities, what treatment is used?
When establishing the diagnosis: varicose veins of the lower extremities, a fairly diverse treatment is used. The conservative approach has many supporters, both among patients and doctors. But you need to immediately clarify that the treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities cannot be only conservative. Modern treatment of varicose veins involves the use of innovative techniques that radically eliminate the pathology.