Stage of varicose veins — what you need to know?

Know about stages of varicose veins it is very important that the time to begin prevention and treatment. After all, it may be the first step to maintaining the health of veins. Such feelings as fatigue and heaviness in the legs by the end of the day, familiar to almost everyone, but few of them who communicates with varicose veins. Meanwhile, these symptoms can be signs of vein disease.

Just note that there are several variants of classification of stages of varicose veins of the legs. We refer to that which divides the disease into three stages: a compensation stage, the stage of subcompensation phase of decompensation. Take a closer look.

Varicose veins: initial phase

The initial stage of varicose veins also called the compensation stage.

This period can last from several months to several years. The fact that the body's inherent mechanisms that are activated when a malfunction of the veins and compensate for them. That is why the initial stage of varicose veins is called "phase compensation." But in this lies the danger: people may for a long time to ignore the signs and miss the time when the fight with him would be most effective.

Stage subcompensation

At this stage, external signs of varicose veins may be absent, and can appear as spider veins - the harbingers of varicose veins. Patients suffer from heavy legs, bloating, swelling of the feet towards evening, but they bring minor discomfort. Usually, these symptoms are written off to fatigue at the end of the day, especially if the profession is associated with prolonged stay on his feet.

If varicose veins are diagnosed at an early stage, there shall be a conservative non-surgical treatment. In particular, there are different types of sclerotherapy.

Varicose veins progresses

Looks like varicose veins in the early stage of the approximately clear: the outward signs are not expressed, the patient should focus on their health. But in the second stage, called the stage of decompensation, patients usually seek medical attention.

The sub-compensation stage of the disease when the body cannot fully cope with all the negative consequences. The patient begins not just to complain of pain or swelling at the end of a hard day, but was in constant discomfort, which prevents to lead a normal lifestyle. And at this time an appeal to phlebologist is a must.

Veins in this stage become more pronounced and clearly visible. Skin may become darker, bluish hue. At this stage discomfort that the patient noted at the initial stage of varicose veins, increase. Swelling, pain, burning sensation, slight cramps in the legs it is noted not only in the evening and night.

At this stage, shows a more serious treatment: laser coagulation, minimally invasive surgery, definitely recommend wearing compression hosiery.

If varicose veins are not treated...

If patients do not apply closely to his condition and does not appeal to phlebologist, varicose disease passes into the third de-compensatory stage.

Decompensation - the stage of the disease when the body can no longer cope with its function as a result of prolonged illness. At this point, the adaptation mechanisms and devices stop working.

De-compensatory stage of the varicose veins blood flow in veins is disturbed seriously deformed. Suffering as a result nutrition of tissues, they accumulate fluid, you may experience sores. The veins are strongly deformed, it is possible serious complications in the form of thrombophlebitis.


At this stage the treatment of varicose veins is necessary to carry out urgently, conservative methods have proven ineffective, so patients shown surgery. Otherwise, the disease begins to endanger life.

There is an international classification of varicose veins, which is different from the above. Experts identify seven stages of the disease, which are denoted by the letter C (in Latin class):

  • S0 is the stage where the visible signs of varicose veins do not exist
  • S1 - the appearance of spider or reticular veins (small, superficial) veins
  • C2 - become visible subcutaneous varicose veins with a diameter greater than 3 mm
  • C3 - stage of varicose veins, which is characterized by permanent swelling
  • S4 - the appearance of skin changes or venous ulcers
  • C5 - formation of closed venous ulcers
  • S6 - formation of open venous ulcers

And remember: regardless of the classification stages of varicose applies the treating physician, the treatment is most effective in the early stages.