Varicose veins on the legs in men is a common pathology, accompanied by dilatation of the vessels of the lower extremities. This violation of men is rarer than women. This is due primarily to differences in hormonal background, which occurs throughout life. Many men take the first manifestation of varicose veins on the legs for minor cosmetic defect, so get on reception to the expert in the later stages of the pathological process.
Physical factors in the development of varicose veins in men less than in women. Representatives of the stronger sex do not wear high heels, not carrying children and do not suffer from a constantly changing throughout life hormonal. Due to the lack of influence of these unfavorable factors, only 15-20 % of men observed the development of varicose veins.
However, the anatomy of the lower limb veins predisposes to stagnation of blood, because pumping is carried out using a complex mechanism, involving pressure in the circulatory system, special valves and big muscles contraction. The influence of the adverse factors leads to disruption of the vascular system in the legs. To create conditions for the development of this pathological condition in men can:
- age-related changes;
- the use of hormonal drugs;
- the lack of necessary physical activity;
- lifting weights;
- elevated levels of cholesterol in the blood;
- an unbalanced diet;
- injuries of extremities;
- the abuse of alcohol.
In rare cases, the extension of the diameter of the blood vessels of the lower extremities is the result of the formation of a large tumor in the abdominal cavity. When studying family history of men with varicose veins, found multiple cases of this pathological condition, therefore, does not exclude the possibility of hereditary predisposition.
Symptoms of varicose veins in men
This violation is characterized as a prolonged period of increase of symptomatic manifestations. Varicose vein walls can be affected both right and left limb, but in most cases, there is bilateral disease, although the severity of her symptoms on the extremities may be different.
First, there is a pronounced vascular net on the skin. These spider veins gradually increase in size and become numerous. Often the appearance of severe venous network in the skin of the feet remains unnoticed by the man. In addition, already in the early stages of developing varicose veins a man can be concerned about the following symptoms:
- pain and heaviness in the legs after a long stay in a standing position;
- swelling of legs;
- aching at rest;
- night cramps;
- cold extremities;
- a sense of tingling on the skin.
In the absence of directed treatment of the symptoms of varicose veins increase. Skin varicose veins in men begin to be covered by liver spots. In the lower leg area they begin to peel off strongly. There is a gradual thinning of all layers of the epidermis.
The skin of the feet first, acquire an unnatural pallor, and then become blue or purple. Venous walls expand. In the later stages of the pathological process is clearly manifest varicose bumpy corners. They stand above the surface of the skin.
In the latter stages of this disorder in men symptoms are clearly visible trophic changes of the skin due to violation of their supply with oxygen and necessary nutrients.
How to treat
For exact diagnosis and purpose of treatment is necessary to consult to a vascular surgeon or phlebologist. Always perform examination veins of the lower extremities, pelvic organs and testicles. Treatment of varicose veins in men can be both conservative and operative methods. It depends on the degree, which was identified pathology.
In the early stages of development of varicose veins treatment involves wearing compression clothes, physical exercise, physiotherapy and the use of drugs. Can benefit and some folk remedies. In severe cases without surgery can not do.
For surgical procedures resorted to when conservative therapy can't improve the condition. To get rid of varicose veins, the man may be offered the following types of minimally invasive operations:
- laser coagulation;
- radio frequency exposure;
After these surgeries the patient recovers quickly. The type of surgery vascular surgeon determined individually for each patient.
Formulations based on plants can be used only on the advice of the attending physician. A good effect is achieved when applying the tincture of horse chestnut in men.
For cooking this means you need about 5 tbsp of the skins of fruit plants pour 1 Cup of vodka. Composition should be moved to of dark glass jar and infuse for 1 week. Ready means should be used to wipe affected areas.
To contribute to the elimination of spider veins can compress on the basis of the juice of Kalanchoe. To apply them you need 30 minutes.
What is dangerous
In most cases, men come to the doctor at late stages of varicose veins. This increases the risk of complications. Dilated veins often become inflamed, causing phlebitis. In addition, this pathological condition can provoke thrombosis.
The formation of blood clots in the lumen of the vessels of the lower extremities is a danger to the life of men. The removal of a blood clot may cause pulmonary embolism and death. In addition, in the later stages of development of varicose veins in men in most cases the disease is complicated with trophic ulcers, which are extremely difficult to treat.
As the progression of varicose veins is observed muscle atrophy and a reduction in the thickness of the skin. Because of the violation of nutrition of tissues of any abrasions, scrapes and bruises heal for a long time and are often the cause of formation of trophic ulcers. Healing of these formations remain prominent foci of infiltration, scarring and other defects.
Pain in men are becoming chronic in nature, so even a brief Hiking becomes difficult. Moreover, often the varicose vessels of the lower limbs spreads to the groin area and pelvic organs. Common effect is varicocele, ie varicose veins seed ropes. In this pathology in men having problems with potency. The disease can cause infertility.
Prevention of varicose veins
To prevent the destruction of veins, the man should adhere to certain rules. First and foremost, you must carefully follow the diet and prevent the development of obesity. The diet is necessary to introduce large quantities of vegetables, greens, fruits, lean meats and fish. This will reduce the risk of cholesterol plaques and the deterioration of blood vessels of the lower extremities.
You must avoid alcohol and get rid of other bad habits, including Smoking. To prevent pressure increase in the veins and arteries of the legs need to give up weight lifting and physical stress. Preferably every day to take a contrast shower and foot bath on the basis of medicinal herbs.
If a person has no contraindications, as a preventive measure after consulting a doctor can apply medicines, provide a tonic and strengthening effect. You need to take responsibility for the choice of shoes. It should be made from natural materials and fit.
From wearing tight clothes should be abandoned. Need to do special exercises to help eliminate stagnation of blood in the lower extremities. As a preventive measure may be recommended to wear compression underwear.