This is due to the deterioration in the motility of blood vessels, reduced their tone, which causes the stagnation of venous blood in the lower extremities and perineum.
With timely diagnosis and adherence to doctor's recommendations disease does not assume the likelihood of complications.
Causes of varicose veins on labia
The main causes of varicose veins of the labia a few:
- the increase in the concentration of progesterone in the blood. This hormone is responsible for the preparation of the uterus for gestation, reduces the suppleness and stimulate vitality. A similar action is exerted on the blood vessels;
- violation of the elastic vessels of the lower extremities;
- significantly increasing blood volume. This creates on the veins that are located in the lower extremities and groin, the additional mechanical load;
- pressure on the blood vessels increasing the volume of the womb (during pregnancy). Some of the vessels are compressed, deteriorating circulation, disrupted vascular valves responsible for preventing reverse blood flow. In view of this and appears stagnant.
Unfortunately, to predict in advance the appearance of varicose veins is not possible, as a lot depends on the General condition of the cardiovascular system of the patient, as well as the concentration of progesterone in the blood. As practice shows, such deterioration often occur after the age of 40and during pregnancy.
It is IMPORTANT! Doctors also point to the fact that varicose veins of the labia is a result of insufficient physical activity of women during pregnancy. In the early stages really is recommended to avoid stress, to move less, but starting from the second trimester long walks required. If not – no stimulation of the circulatory system and as a result – stagnation.
In other cases, varicose veins are often called "professional" disease. It occurs in those who a large part of the day is "legs". To those, for example, include the salesgirls in the stores, operating nurses, dentists, hairdressers.
Constant muscle tension provokes the curvature of the vessels, followed by their blockage. This can occur in the perineum and lower extremities. Depends on the condition of the circulatory system in these areas.
Key symptoms of varicose veins of the labia is the emergence of a visually visible red or blue blood vessels in the subcutaneous layer. It just indicates the presence of reverse blood flow, stagnation and partial atrophy of the vascular walls.
Initially they appear in the region of the perineum, and after a certain period (to increase load) increases in volume and labia. Most often only one, but there are cases and bilateral varicose veins.
What is happening at the moment in the body? The veins in the groin significantly reduced the rate of flow of blood.
Pressure on the walls of blood vessels increases from the inside and those are expanding.
They become thinner, which causes the risk of rupture.
All this is complemented by a dysfunction of the valves. Those, due to the strong pressure on them can't block the veins in the process of relaxation of the heart muscle and of the blood simply begins to flow in the opposite direction.
Again, this creates tension stretch the walls of their curvature.
In these places there is a likelihood of clotsthat can completely block the vessel and cause its atrophy.
It is IMPORTANT! At occurrence of first signs of varicose veins touch the woman feels nothing. With worsening symptoms – there is discomfort, pain and sharp pressure of walking and tension of the muscles of the vagina.
How dangerous are varicose veins?
Varicose dangerous discovery internal bleeding upon rupture of the venous wall. All this is complemented by psychological factors, as visually the labia become huge and ugly. This may provoke the emergence of an inferiority complex, and dysfunction of the reproductive system.
Especially dangerous are varicose veins in pregnant women, as childbirth and prenatal contractions (especially when a significant opening of the cervix) may become a provoking factor for rupture of blood vessels. If this happens, then there is a high risk of internal bleeding.
In case of untimely detection of varices is a high likelihood of atrophy of the vessels. They cease to circulate blood and aktiviziruyutsya the process of resorption of the vein. If circulation is severely impaired, it is likely necessary to amputate the damaged labia.
Treatment of varicose veins of the labia
Today there are several effective methods of treatment of varicose veins:
- conservative therapy. Involves taking drugs that stimulate cardiac function, as well as wearing compression underwear. This is complemented by a physical therapy;
- surgical. Not live the blood vessels are completely removed through an incision in the perineum;
- stitching. Damaged veins in the early stages of the disease are blocked with the help of laser cauterization. Over time they dissolve and in their place appear new.
Conservative therapy is preferred, but allowed its application only in the early stages of varicose veins, when the labia are not increasing in size, indicating the lack of total blockage. The doctor prescribes stimulants are those drugs that prevent thrombosis.
Wearing compression underwear is to support the vessels of the lower limbs in its initial state, when there is no curvature. It stimulates good blood circulation and lowers blood pressure. The course of treatment is determined at the discretion of the doctor.
Surgical technique the most radical and is used when the risk of opening internal bleeding. Applied in the last turn, when there is a possibility of atrophy of the labia.
But laser treatment is a relatively new variation of treatment with minimal trauma. Here are the tools necessary for its implementation, in most public hospitals there.
Total, varices of the labia – it is a violation of the cardiovascular system due to the deterioration of elastics. If caught early, responds to conservative treatment. It is especially dangerous for pregnant women, as there is a risk of internal bleeding during childbirth.