Varicose veins (varices) is a chronic disease characterized by knobby varicose veins with violation of the outflow of blood and its stagnation in the venous system.
At first varicose veins are not causing any discomfort and is only a cause of cosmetic defect: the appearance of translucent through the skin, knotted veins bluish-brown shade.
Symptoms of varicose veins
You need to go to phlebologist, if you think you have at least one of the following symptoms of varicose veins:
- translucent through the skin tortuous veins on the legs;
- a feeling of heaviness in the legs, fatigue;
- irregular brownish pigmentation of the skin in the legs and ankles;
- recurrent pain in the legs;
- swelling of legs and feet, which usually appear after prolonged standing or sitting with drooping feet;
- sporadic spasms in the muscles of the lower extremities;
- in the later stages of the disease – ulcers on the skin or in the joints.
Noticing the first signs of vein disease, don't hesitate and immediately consult a specialist-a phlebologist. The latest diagnostic equipment to get rid of varicose veins that allows experienced doctors to identify the disease at an early stage and prevent complications.
The main reasons for the appearance of varicose veins
To varicose veins often lead:
- congenital weakness of the venous wall, which predisposes to the development of varicose veins and is inherited;
- gender – women suffer from varicose veins of legs twice as often than men. According to one theory, this is due to wearing high heels;
- long stay on his feet. Varicose veins often affects people whose profession is connected with work on her feet: sellers, teachers, hairdressers, and others;
- age – varicose veins often develops after the age of 45;
- lack of exercise, work, long stay standing or a sedentary lifestyle;
- overly intensive physical activity;
- obesity and overweight.
Stage of varicose veins
Stage 1 – phase compensation. Manifestations of venous insufficiency is not. Concerned about the discomfort and fatigue of the legs.
Stage 2 – phase subcompensation. There are pain, veins begin to bulge under the skin in the form of nodes.
Stage 3 – the phase of decompensation. Is characterized by marked disturbance of outflow of blood from the lower extremities, develop trophic disorders of the skin, possible formation of nonhealing venous ulcers.
To the clinic for treatment of varicose veins, you need to apply when symptoms first stage – it will be easier and faster to get rid of the disease and prevent the development of complications.
Complications of varicose veins
Lipodermatosclerosis \ white atrophy of the skin
Lipodermatosclerosis is a fibroid degeneration of the skin and subcutaneous fat. Tissues lose their elasticity and mobility. An extreme form of lipodermatosclerosis white atrophy of the skin.
Venous eczema / dermatitis
Eczema occurs in later stages of varicose veins and is an inflammation and redness of the skin on the feet. With the progression of varicose deteriorates the nutrition of the skin, which leads eventually to the emergence of trophic ulcers.
Acute venous thrombosis
The basis of this complications of varicose veins – the formation of a blood clot (thrombus) in the deep veins of the legs, which with the flow of blood can enter the heart or lungs. The condition requires immediate medical attention!
Thrombophlebitis – inflammation of a vein wall with thrombus formation, closing the lumen of the vessel. In most cases, thrombosis is the result of "running" forms of varicose veins.
This long-term healing of a skin defect developing on the background of venous congestion requires a comprehensive treatment.
Bleeding from varicose veins
Bleeding most often occurs because of trophic venous ulcers, however, may be from varices. First aid for bleeding varicose veins: it is necessary to impose a pressure bandage directly to the site of bleeding, raise the leg above the horizontal level, and then require hospitalization.
Prevention of varicose veins
In order never to deal with varicose veins, you must:
- avoid prolonged standing or sitting; to abandon the habit of sitting for long periods of time in the position of the legs;
- to prevent the emergence of extra pounds;
- regularly engage in physical activity (fitness, swimming, etc.);
- to choose comfortable shoes, try not to wear shoes with heels every day.
The treatment of varicose veins
Today, the removal of varicose veins on the legs occur most often without traumatic interventions, as it was 10-15 years ago. Recovery treatment takes a minimum of time!