Varicose veins: symptoms, treatment

That is why all those who are faced with this problem, it is important to know the causes of varicose veins, its symptoms, and most importantly, learn the best methods of treatment of this disease.

varicose veins in the legs

General information

Varicose veins is a chronic vascular disease that develops as a result of blood stasis (often in the lower extremities). This happens due to the insolvency of vascular valves, which normally bleed up exclusively from the lower extremities to the heart. Blood that is a long time puts pressure on the walls of blood vessels, causing them to become thinner, lose elasticity and become deformed, substantially expanding. On the feet of such a patient by the naked eye can observe the writhing "snake" vessels that rise above the skin, and in some places forming varicose nodes.

Causes of varicose veins

The reasons for the development of this disease quite a lot. In particular, varicose veins can cause:

  1. "Bad" heredity. With varicose veins experienced by persons with a congenital weakness of the valve apparatus or venous walls.
  2. Increased venous pressure. Very often this disease leads factors that increase the pressure, namely, pregnancy, obesity, constant vertical load (when one day standing on his feet), sedentary lifestyle (sedentary work).
  3. Hormonal means. Some hormonal drugs, particularly birth control pills with high estrogen, provoke blood clots and can lead to varicose veins.
  4. Violation of blood circulation. The crashes may occur due to weak physical activity, Smoking, wearing too narrow shoes or chronic constipation.
  5. Hormonal disruptions associated with age-related changes in the body.

Manifestations and complications of the disease

Doctors notice that the varicose veins is not so terrible in itself as dangerous complications. Indeed, in the early stages of development of disease the extension of the saphenous veins is for the person aesthetic problem (particularly affecting women). First appear on the skin spider veins — the so-called "webs". The person thus begins to feel heaviness in the legs, notes the swelling of the limbs and feels the pain when walking. It is important symptoms of varicose veins, which in any case should not be ignored. If the person is not in a hurry to go to the doctor and find out the cause of sickness, he risks start early to face a problem that cannot be solved without surgical intervention.

With the development of varicose veins skin legs thickens and becomes bluish tint. Calf of the patient begin to "whine" even at short walk, but under the skin you may notice swollen veins. And, over time, these veins become very painful.

But this is only the beginning of serious health problems. If the person begins to deal with the existing disease in the skin surrounding the affected veins start to occur irreversible changes, and later appears sores. Moreover, without treatment, the inner walls of the veins become inflamed and trigger formation of blood clots. So developing thrombophlebitis. Increasing in size, thrombus block the lumen of the vein, and at any time the clot may break away. This condition can result in death.

Thus, it is clear that varicose veins should be treated. And to start therapy as soon as possible. Next, we consider methods of treatment of this disease.


In the treatment of varicose veins be sure to apply the medication. Most are capsules or pills that have on the body multilateral action. In particular:

  • Special tools. These drugs increase blood flow, preventing the development of thrombosis, and at the same time increase the tone of vascular walls. To eliminate varicose veins these drugs will not work, but to remove swelling of the feet, eliminate burning and pain they are quite capable.
  • Drugs that thin the blood. These medications thin the blood and promote better circulation, preventing the development of thrombosis.
  • Anti-inflammatory drugs. These include tablets, ointments and gels which eliminate the pain, relieve swelling and prevent platelets from sticking together. But more importantly, these drugs prevent inflammation of the veins which leads to thrombosis.

Tights varicose veins

Women are faced with varicose veins more often than men. This is largely due to hormonal changes that occur in the female body (menopause, pregnancy). That is why the best means to prevent varicose veins is to wear a special stocking or tights. Such compression compresses the legs and prevents the varicose veins and, therefore, is an excellent prevention of varicose veins. And in the case of already developed disease, this underwear protects legs from the pain, swelling and fatigue.

vein treatment


Treatment of varicose veins water known since ancient times. Under the influence of different temperatures, the veins constrict and dilate, which helps improve their elasticity. Knowing this, modern doctors use hydrotherapy in the early stages of development of varicose veins when the skin began to appear spider veins. Moreover, depending on the existing problem, baths can be local (only for legs), or General (whole body). The temperature of the water in the tub changes from 20 to 40 °C.

Unconventional therapies

In the complex treatment of varicose veins can be applied non-traditional methods. Here are a few examples.

Potato juice

The affected vein should be in the morning, afternoon and evening lubricate freshly squeezed potato juice and apply on the night bandage with a bandage dipped in this juice. In addition 3 R/day should drink 100 ml of potato juice. Treat varicose veins this tool should be 3-4 months.

Apple cider vinegar

It is called the "facility No. 1" from varicose veins, and all because Apple cider vinegar improves blood circulation, strengthens the vascular wall and improves skin tone. To apply it is very simple: 2-3 R/day to lubricate the skin with vinegar to the affected veins. And in parallel we should drink a glass of water, which was diluted 1 tsp of vinegar. The duration of therapy is 2 months.

The leaves of Kalanchoe

This is another effective remedy to combat varicose veins. Fill a half liter bottle of crushed leaves of Kalanchoe half, and pour the raw material is 40% alcohol, so the bottle was full. Giving the means to infuse in a dark place during the week, strain it and use the tincture for rubbing the affected areas 2 p/day. The procedure should be supplemented by a light massage of the veins. This treatment lasts 4 months.

Willow bark

A good help in fighting the disease will be bath with white willow bark. For this procedure you need to chop the bark, then 2 tablespoons of raw materials pour 400 ml of water and simmer on low heat for 15 minutes. Ready means add in a bucket of water and then dip your feet and hold for 30 minutes. And immediately after the procedure, wear compression stockings and take a load off. To carry out the procedure should be a day for the last 3 months. By the way, to enhance the effect of the decoction of willow bark can be mixed with decoction of oak bark.

All the above are excellent means of prevention of this disease and provide a good help in the treatment of varicose veins in the early stages of the disease. However, practice shows that in 80% of cases of persons from the affected veins turn to doctors already running disease. In such a situation, no compression, no creams and ointments or folk remedies, are not able however to influence the progression of the disease. The necessary drastic measures. Fortunately, modern medicine is ready to offer effective methods to address this complex issue.


This non-surgical method of dealing with varicose veins in which a doctor using a fine needle, injects into the affected vein special substance. This stuff glues the vein from inside, causing it dissolves and the blood flow begins to go through healthy veins. The number of sessions on the introduction of sclerosant may vary depending on the severity. And throughout treatment, the patient must wear a compression garment.


As a result of this therapy, the person practically forgets about varicose veins. Only 25% of cases recurrences appear, and they are connected usually with a running disease. However it should be understood that sclerotherapy is not performed to pregnant women and obese.

Laser treatment

This is one of the modern achievements of medicine, which allows you to get rid of varicose veins without surgery. Radiation, which generates the laser "welds" the affected vein, thus preventing its clearance and cutting off the blood flow, which starts to go in deeper veins. Over time of the bonded vessel is formed of connective tissue that subsequently resolved.

This method of solving problems was more effective than sclerotherapy. It is less traumatic, it takes less than 40 minutes and the patient can leave the clinic just after 2 hours after surgery. No wonder the treatment of varicose veins laser called "office surgery". The incision in the skin has to do only with the elimination of large veins, while small varicose veins are removed without damaging tissues. One has only to remember that the cost of such operations is quite high.

Radiofrequency ablation

Recently in our country began to practise the most modern method to eliminate the affected veins, which is called radiofrequency ablation. It is used to treat major trunk veins affected by varicose veins. In this case, through a puncture in the skin into the affected vein injected radiofrequency catheter that using microwaves "brews" vein. Moreover, the catheter has sensors that allow you to track the effectiveness of the procedure.

This method can compete with the laser treatment, because it requires no incisions on the skin, leaves no bruises and is carried out in just 30 minutes. On the day of surgery the patient can return to his duties. However, the cost of this procedure is high even in comparison with laser photocoagulation.

Surgical removal

It is important to understand that in the case of eczema, thrombophlebitis, and trophic ulcers, the treatment of the above methods is not possible. Launched to eliminate varicose veins can only surgical removal of the veins. However, it's not so critical. In the Arsenal of modern surgeons, there are microsurgical techniques to remove the diseased vein through one small incision, and the scars after the procedure simply does not remain. In addition, the new technology allows you to remove painful veins literally 30-40 minutes.

Fear of varicose veins is not necessary. Quite the contrary, the disease requires close attention, and, the sooner, the better. Early detection and correct treatment will help to eliminate disease and live a full life.