Varicose veins of the legs is the most common among all types of this disease. It is connected with the upright posture of man, because that creates a big load on the lower limbs.
What are varicose veins and why does it occur?
Varicose disease is the expansion of the superficial veins, in which there is disruption of blood flow. The disease is due to the weakness of the venous wall and increase the pressure of blood in the vessels. During the expansion of the vein wall interferes with the normal function of the valve device.
The blood can not adequately move up to the heart, and stagnates in the lower extremities. So developing varicose veins in the legs. Symptoms are manifested in the appearance of spider veins and venous nodes in the area of the weakened veins.
Causes of varicose veins are quite diverse. It is heredity, and obesity, and unhealthy lifestyle, and long-term exercise to his feet, and pregnancy. Very important the prevention of varicose veins, it will help to avoid the development of disease and strengthen blood vessels.
Symptoms and signs of varicose veins of the legs
Symptoms of varicose veins of the lower limbs varied, it all depends on the stage of the disease. Initially, the patient does not see any external symptoms, may disturb only fatigue after a working day, heaviness in the legs. The disease may manifest in the development of spider veins, later appear venous nodes and becomes visible dilated vessels.
The first manifestations of the disease should immediately contact doctor!
In the later stages of the disease the symptoms of varicose veins on the legs are multiplied, there is pain in the muscles and feet, puffiness, pigmentation of the skin. In advanced cases, develop trophic ulcers and venous bleeding.
Manifestations of the disease at different stages
In the first stage of the disease the symptoms of varicose veins of the legs are negligible. May feel heaviness and tiredness in some places on the skin shines through the vascular mesh or "thread" veins.
In the second stage of the disease can be distressing cramps in the legs appear symptoms of varicose veins, the patient feels pain and heaviness after physical exercise.
The third stage of varicose veins is characterized by the appearance of pronounced venous nodes, pigmentation on the skin, swelling of the lower extremities.
The fourth stage is manifested in the form of trophic ulcers on the skin that may bleed and heal poorly. The patient feels severe pain and discomfort in the lower extremities.
But if not treated?
If you notice the symptoms of varicose veins of the legs, treatment should be initiated as early as possible. The lack of action can lead to serious complications, such as thrombophlebitis, bleeding from varicose veins, thromboembolism.
Blood clots that are formed in thrombophlebitis, interfere with the normal flow of blood, causing impaired blood supply to the tissues. If nothing is done, there may be trophic ulcers – wounds on the skin, which get wet and heal poorly.
In which case you should immediately contact a doctor?
If you notice any symptoms of varicose veins, consult your doctor. Pain in legs, frequent cramps, the appearance of pigmentation and deterioration of the General condition should also be alerted.
Do not tighten the visit to the phlebologist, timely treatment to the doctor will help to avoid complications and to cope with the disease.
Diagnosis of varicose veins of the legs
The most common and effective method of diagnosis of varicose veins on the legs is considered ultrasound. It will help you to determine the exact location of the varicose veins, her type and stage of the disease.
When the first symptoms of varicose van standing on his feet immediately to complete a full course examinations.
In addition, the doctor will prescribe common blood test that will show the number of erythrocytes, hemoglobin, leukocytes, and platelets. This will help to determine predisposition to thrombophlebitis or indicate the presence of inflammatory process in Vienna.
To find out the stage of the disease you can use this method as rheovasography – definition of insufficiency of blood supply to tissues. In a complex and difficult to diagnose cases, resort to surgical research (e.g., venography).
Treatment of varicose veins of the legs
There are several ways to treat varicose veins, the decision is made by the doctor and is it from the stage of the disease and its course.
- The use of venotonics angioprotectors and drugs – these are medications that normalize the structure of the walls of blood vessels, improve blood circulation.
- Compression stockings – helps reduce pain, increases vascular tone.
- Treatment of varicose veins with leeches – hirudotherapy, hirudin, contained in the saliva of leeches, reduces blood viscosity and saturates it with useful substances.
- Surgical treatment – phlebectomy, laser coagulation, radiofrequency coagulation, sclerotherapy, help to cope with the problem of varicose veins and remove varicose veins.
Prevention of varicose veins
Prevention of varicose veins will help to reduce the risk of disease. The correct way of living and an adequate, varied physical activity during the day – the ability to permanently keep your veins healthy.
Do not forget about proper nutrition, because excess weight contributes to the development of varicose veins. After a hard day, let the legs relax. Avoid hot treatments and addictions (nicotine, contained in cigarettes, reduces vascular tone).
- At the first sign of varicose veins immediately contact your doctor.
- Be especially attentive to the veins in the legs during pregnancy.
- If you have the risk of varicose veins, for the prevention of disease during long trips, travel and physical exertion wear a compression garment.
- Arrange the correct mode of work and rest.
- Give up Smoking, fatty and donation of food, prolonged sitting in one position, to reduce the risk of varicose veins.