With varicose veins, the blood stagnates inside the valves of the blood vessels, which causes the veins to expand and swell. The process is accompanied by a change in their color. Veins, as a rule, on the legs, acquire a purple or blue tint, become noticeable (protrude above the skin surface). Varicose veins are considered to be a cosmetic defect, but some people susceptible to this pathology experience physical ailments.
Medicines for varicose veins relieve the following symptoms:
- pain (in particular while walking);
- feeling of heaviness (or fullness) at the site of localization of varicose veins;
- convulsions (more often at night);
- skin modification and the appearance of concomitant pathologies (dermatitis, eczema).
Important! It is impossible to completely cure varicose veins, but various therapeutic methods help to restrain the manifestations of pathology and its further development.
How to recognize the first signs of varicose veins?
To start the treatment of varicose veins on time, you need to know what symptoms indicate an impending disease. There are 6 stages of varicose veins:
- the onset of the disease, which is indicated by edema, heaviness in the legs and night cramps of the muscles of the lower leg, night change in the temperature of the legs - they are either hot or cold;
- the first stage is characterized by the appearance of spider veins;
- on the second, thickening of the veins and the formation of nodules on them;
- on the third, severe swelling of the legs is added in the evening.
The last two stages are the formation of trophic ulcers. The change in the color of the skin on the legs in the affected areas should also alert. It takes on a brown tint. The greatest success in treatment can be achieved at the initial and first stages. Therefore, at the first symptoms, it is necessary to visit a doctor and begin treatment.
The problem of varicose veins is especially acute for pregnant and lactating mothers. The manifestations of the disease greatly worsen the condition, and the possibilities to treat it are limited. Therefore, evaluating drugs for varicose veins, we will pay attention to the possibility of its use during these periods.
Groups of drugs used to treat varicose veins
For the treatment of varicose veins, several types of drugs are used: ointments, creams, tablets, injections. All medicines belong to one of the following groups:
- Disaggregants. Medicines that relieve pain and concomitant symptoms (fever, burning, headache). They also tend to thin the blood. With varicose veins, drugs from this group are often prescribed in the form of tablets or injectable solutions.
- Phlebotonics. They are used in the treatment of chronic varicose veins. The drugs increase the elasticity of blood vessels and strengthen their walls, as well as improve blood microcirculation. With prolonged use, phlebotonics stop the symptoms of varicose veins and prevent further development of pathology.
- Anticoagulants. Blood thinning medications. They are used to reduce the visibility of veins, reduce puffiness. They have a predominantly cosmetic effect.
- Antioxidants. They are used to accelerate the outflow of fluid, increase elasticity and strengthen blood vessels. Antioxidants help fight the cosmetic manifestations of varicose veins (venous network), but they also have a therapeutic effect.
Also during treatment, the doctor may prescribe decongestants, saline injections.
Important! In addition to medications, compression hosiery is used to combat the manifestations of varicose veins. It can be special stockings or tights that restrain the progression of pathology.
Disaggregants or antiplatelet agents should only be used after consulting a doctor or for a short period of time. Drugs from this group thin the blood, so they can provoke a number of side effects:
- prolonged bleeding;
- drops in blood pressure (blood pressure);
- dizziness, feeling unwell.
Important! An absolute contraindication to their use is heart failure (regardless of the stage of the disease).
Taking acetylsalicylic acid by itself is dangerous, as side effects can develop (in particular, a sharp decrease in the rate of blood clotting).
Important! Antiplatelet agents, coupled with anticoagulants, increase the risk of thrombosis, so the use of drugs from these categories is recommended separately.
Preparations from the phlebotonics group have a complex effect on the body. With varicose veins, they perform the main therapeutic functions: they increase the elasticity of blood vessels and stabilize the outflow of blood.
Most effective substances in this category:
- Rutoside. Refers to group P vitamins. The substance is contained in several dosage forms (in particular, in tablets). Rutoside is found in vegetables, fruits and berries.
- Pentoxifylline. It has a positive effect on blood microcirculation and on its rheological properties (fluidity, viscoplasticity). Pentoxifylline medications also work on blood vessels to increase their elasticity.
- Hesperidin. A substance that reduces the elasticity of the veins, reduces blood congestion and the permeability of the capillary walls. Also has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.
Preparations from this group are extracted from natural compounds. Due to their natural origin, medicines have a minimum of side effects.
Preparations from the group of anticoagulants have anticoagulant properties. A popular medication in this category is Heparin. It is a direct acting drug. It comes in the form of an injection solution. It is administered either intravenously (in especially severe cases), or subcutaneously (as part of complex therapy).
Important! The above drugs should not be used for bleeding and pregnancy. Also, anticoagulants are not recommended for women during lactation (breastfeeding).
Antioxidant drugs are more often used to prevent or reduce the risk of varicose veins progression. These medications are optional.
In order to ease the painful symptoms of varicose veins, you need to take warm or hot baths, exercise and go to the bath more often. The set of exercises depends on the stage of the disease.
Also, direct exposure to sunlight (and, in principle, any heating of the area of localization of pathology) helps from varicose veins. But when using this method, it is important to use products with a sunscreen factor, so as not to accelerate skin aging and increase the risk of developing cancer.
Tablets for varicose veins
Self-medication for varicose veins is the most popular method of therapy. The Internet is replete with miracle recipes about apple cider vinegar, leeches and other magical technologies, and our fellow citizens willingly believe this. Varicose veins can now be cured inexpensively or even free of charge by certified specialists, but miracle shamans are still very popular. Probably, these are remnants of the primitive communal system of our ancestors. Only pain can make a person run after a doctor, we will diligently smear uncomplicated varicose veins with various nasty things in the hope that they will someday resolve.
Medicine for varicose veins
The vast majority of people, choosing between surgical treatment of any disease (in our case, with varicose veins) and possible non-invasive treatment, be it capsules, tablets for varicose veins, gels, ointments, herbs and infusions, will choose the latter, especiallyif from all screens they will broadcast about their effectiveness and the uselessness of any operations. The amount of information for stupefying patients can be judged by the number of advertisements for pills and creams for varicose veins on all federal channels, where happy girls easily run after smearing their healthy legs with a miracle cream or taking miracle pills.
So what to do and take in case of varicose veins?
Before the standard offer to contact our center, we will tell you about really effective methods that may well ease the course of the disease.
In this section we propose to forget about the terribly effective pills that "help" with varicose veins and remember the traditional and proven methods.
Massage and bath for varicose veins
Massage, unlike many cheap phlebotonics from advertising, is a method of active treatment of varicose veins, helping in the prevention of edema, the very removal of puffiness, fatigue of the lower extremities and reduction of general body fatigue.
The Innovative Vascular Center applies all types of modern massage, especially for pathologies of the lymphatic and venous systems. Of the exclusive methods - the technology of lymphatic drainage massage with banding, which very effectively relieves chronic venous insufficiency.
In chronic venous insufficiency, massage is used to eliminate venous hypertension in varicose veins and post-thrombotic syndrome. The combination of this technology with banding allows you to effectively eliminate all clinical manifestations of the disease.
Therapeutic massage is a very effective remedy for symptomatic treatment of varicose veins on the legs, but it gives only temporary relief. We use manual lymphatic drainage in patients with severe edema in patients with lymphatic venous insufficiency. There is no need to be afraid of "tearing off blood clots" with such treatment, but in case of exacerbation it should not be used.
But the bath is a completely different matter: with varicose veins, thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities or post-thrombotic disease, it is very dangerous. Any thermal stress can provoke the formation of blood clots in deep veins, carried with the blood flow, with all the ensuing consequences. Dehydration in the bath leads to "thickening" of the blood. Do not expose yourself to unnecessary risks. Varicose veins from the bath will not disappear, and thrombophlebitis may well occur.
Laser treatment of varicose veins
Varicose veins - a disease that does not tolerate deposits in treatment. Not paying proper attention to the course of the disease, a person himself, unwittingly, aggravates his situation, increasing the likelihood of an operation.
Medicine is developing every day and it is good that nowadays there are alternatives to surgical intervention - treatment of varicose veins with a laser.
Laser treatment of varicose veins is the same effective method as surgery, but absolutely painless treatment.In contrast to taking medication, a special advantage is its speed. Laser treatment is used in hospitals, beauty salons, when it is necessary to remove a mild degree of varicose veins - spider veins.
First, the doctor injects the patient with pain medication and uses a laser to glue the damaged veins. After such a procedure, the patient must wear compression underwear for a year.
The first results are visible within 5-7 months after laser treatment. Many patients prefer this solution to the problem, because laser therapy, unlike pills and other drugs, is fast, cheap, effective and does not hurt.
Folk remedies for the treatment of varicose veins
Sometimes it happens that due to individual intolerance to any pills and drugs, a person is forced to abandon traditional treatments for varicose veins.No need to be upset, because natural ingredients are included in the same shop creams, ointments and other preparations.Many harmful chemicals are added to them alone.
However, one must not forget that all folk remedies are effective only at the initial stage of varicose veins. Traditional medicinal recipes, like traditional medicines, are aimed at improving blood circulation.
Before effective drugs in the fight against varicose veins appeared, our ancestors used homemade creams, ointments, infusions, lotions from birch leaves, chestnut, burdock, apple cider vinegar, hops, calendula. Such drugs treated sore legs no worse than many modern drugs and expensive pills.
For example, a natural medicine made from infused crushed Kalanchoe leaves was rubbed into the legs for a month, the pain syndrome subsided, and the venous networks became less noticeable. Such a natural preparation worked quite well and was clearly not inferior to pills.
With pronounced symptoms that bring inconvenience and discomfort to everyday life and suspicion of varicose veins in the legs, you do not need to independently prescribe pills and drugs. It is recommended to visit a phlebologist who will professionally select an individual remedy for the treatment of varicose veins.
In folk medicine, the first place belongs to the horse chestnut. The effectiveness of the treatment of varicose veins is due to the content of several substances in the plant:
- escin strengthens the walls of blood vessels, thins the blood and has an antibacterial effect;
- esculin prevents the formation of a vascular network (strengthens capillaries and other small vessels) and blood clots;
- tannins have the ability to bind protein and fix it on the vascular wall, thereby increasing its strength;
- rutin reduces the permeability of the vascular wall;
- kaempferol helps tissue regeneration, heals ulcers and has anti-cancer effects.
The result of using folk remedies based on horse chestnut is achieved with course treatment. It is expressed in a decrease in edema, swollen veins, heaviness, itching and pain go away. The disadvantage of horse chestnut is the impossibility of treating it while carrying a baby and breastfeeding. Like any folk remedy, it is only an addition to drug therapy. Effective medicines have been created on the basis of horse chestnut extract.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Even official medicine recognizes its benefits for the treatment of varicose veins. A huge amount of useful substances - acids, amino acids, vitamins and minerals - allow you to fight several manifestations of varicose veins at once. Applying apple cider vinegar allows:
- normalize vascular tone;
- increase the elasticity of the skin and avoid the thinning that usually accompanies the disease;
- remove swelling;
- to increase the tone of smooth muscles;
- relieve inflammation due to the antiseptic properties of apple cider vinegar.
Commercial apple cider vinegar is not suitable for treating varicose veins. The homemade version is easy to make yourself with fresh apples. There are two possible ways of using - external and internal. For baths, compresses, wrapping and dousing, concentrated vinegar is used. For oral administration, it must be diluted. The tool can be used only in the absence of a threat of blood clots.
Compression stockings and knee-highs are 50% of the success of varicose veins treatment. Their main purpose is to improve the functioning of the venous valve mechanism, the venous-muscular pump and microcirculation, that is, the ability of the capillaries to absorb extracellular fluid. These goals are achieved by applying pressure to the muscles in specific locations. There is a preventive underwear, there is a medical one. The more severe the stage of the disease, the more pressure should be exerted by the stockings. Prophylactic is available on free sale, medicinal is sold only by prescription.
Wound Healing Bandages
Late stages of varicose veins are characterized by the appearance of trophic ulcers. It is a serious condition that often requires hospital treatment and nursing care. To help with trophic ulcers, different means are used depending on the condition and stage of treatment. One of these is a healing dressing to help cleanse the wound and absorb exudate.
Our review is for informational purposes only and is not a recommendation for the use of the above treatments for varicose veins. Specific appointments can only be made by the attending physician, based on the patient's condition and the individual characteristics of his body.
Effective drugs for the prevention of thrombosis in varicose veins
Thrombophlebitis is a common complication of varicose veins of the lower extremities, especially during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Low molecular weight heparin is a proven drug for the prevention of vascular thrombi. For the prevention of thrombophlebitis after the treatment of varicose veins in our clinic, tablets are used. The course of treatment with pills is 7 days after laser or radio frequency intervention.
It is better to come for a consultation with a phlebologist, and then, as a specialist with a higher medical education, he will conduct a comprehensive examination and prescribe adequate treatment, including drug therapy (the best tablets for hateful varicose veins), but still the most effective cure for varicose veins will be -laser coagulation.
Remember the best remedy for any disease and even varicose veins is an active and healthy lifestyle. Therapeutic exercises, walks in the fresh air strengthen the venous wall better than any pill. The correct mode of work and rest, the use of an elevated position to relieve tension from the legs, swimming in the sea and in the pool - these measures are the best preventive and curative means. Do not assume that if the packaging of antistax pills says “made from grape leaves”, then they are no longer chemical preparations. Why poison yourself with ineffective drugs, if it is impossible to remove varicose veins with their help.