Fatigue, a feeling of heaviness in the legs, slight tissue edema, swelling of the veins and the first visible “vascular networks” may indicate the development of varicose veins of the lower extremities.
The statistics for this disease are dire. For example, in a single country, there are about 37 million people suffering from this disease. Every 6th patient of them is a girl under 12 years old. Such an early appearance of the disease significantly increases the risk of complications, which, when neglected, threaten disability and even death.
What is so terrible about varicose veins of the lower extremities? Why is it so important to stop its development in the early stages? About the methods of its treatment, preventive measures from the point of view of specialists, as well as a lot of other useful information about varicose veins of the lower extremities, read this article.
All veins in the human body are divided into deep, superficial and perforated. Deep vessels do almost all the work (90%) of transporting blood to the heart, and perforated vessels are a kind of bridge between deep and superficial. The structure of the veins provides for the presence of valves that direct and promote the outflow of blood only in the right direction. When the circulatory system fails, some of the blood accumulates at one point. This leads to local expansion (lengthening) of the vessel. The first to suffer are deep veins (the so-called internal varicose veins), later superficial in the form of "spider veins and nodes".
For a complete perception of the severity of the disease, it is worth noting that its progression threatens the development of thrombophlebitis, blockage of the pulmonary artery with a thrombus (or thromboembolism), as well as trophic ulcers of the leg, lymphostasis (edema of the lower extremities) and many other problems that can lead to the death of the patient.
Many factors can provoke a malfunction of the functioning of blood vessels, blood flow in general, and then stimulate the appearance of varicose veins of the superficial veins of the lower extremities. Let's consider the main ones:
Overweight, the presence of injuries, previous operations, hormonal disorders and the use of contraceptives supplements the list of reasons for the development of the disease.
The effectiveness of treatment, the speed of a positive outcome largely depends on the accuracy and timeliness of diagnosing diseases.
Signs of varicose veins of the lower extremities will help to determine the disease in the early stages:
Even a slight violation of the integrity of the skin at the site of eczema can lead to the appearance of a trophic ulcer.
In the variant of deep vein varicose veins of the lower extremities, symptoms may appear at a later stage, which is undesirable. Therefore, if you have the slightest suspicion of an ailment, it is recommended to consult a doctor.
Diagnosis of varicose veins of the lower extremities is carried out using special equipment. Such a study is safe, painless and allows you to comprehensively study the severity of the disease.
There are several diagnostic options:
During the diagnosis, you can observe the state of blood vessels, valves, analyze their functionality and determine the direction of blood flow.
Generally, the first reason for visiting a doctor is unaesthetic changes. From the first type, they are harmless, they can further develop into serious ailments and complications. Therefore, you should not neglect their importance.
Doctors usually distinguish 5 stages of varicose veins of the lower extremities, each of which has its own symptoms:
The main task of both the patient and his doctor is to prevent the development of the disease beyond the initial stages, and the sooner you contact a phlebologist, the easier it will be for him to stop the disease.
Medicine does not stand still, but develops the latest technologies to combat venous disease. Treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities can be performed by conservative methods (drugs, minimally invasive procedures), surgery, home remedies in combination with massage.
Deterioration of the attractiveness of appearance is not the whole list of possible troubles. Complications and disability can add to it. Modern medicine offers a wide range of non-surgical effects on problem areas, and often it is physiotherapy for varicose veins of the lower extremities that is most effective in the initial stages of the disease:
It should be noted that a preliminary consultation with a doctor and a special examination are required.
Late visits to a doctor, neglect of the disease lead to CVI (chronic venous insufficiency) and the inexpediency of minimally invasive therapy. In such cases, surgery comes to the rescue.
The following factors are considered indications for surgery for varicose veins of the lower extremities:
The principle of surgical intervention is based, like conservative techniques, on the elimination of the problem vein from the circulatory system. Only in minimally invasive methods are the vessels glued together, and during the operation they are ligated on both sides and removed.
There are several main methods of surgical treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities:
Surgery will solve the problem of sore veins, reduce the risk of developing the disease, and help alleviate symptoms in the later stages. Compression underwear, venotonic medications are the main condition for the rehabilitation period. They contribute to early recovery, normalization of blood circulation.
Home remedies occupy a separate niche in the treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities. There is no need to assert their great importance, but there is also nothing to belittle their dignity. Cooked decoctions, infusions, compresses can reduce pain, ease the feeling of heaviness and fatigue after a hard day.
As a treatment option for reticular varicose veins, traditional medicine recommends a tincture of calamus root in red wine for internal use. There are also recipes for external rubbing.
Unopened birch buds are infused for 10 days on 0. 5 liters of vodka. When ready, the product is rubbed into the skin.
Useful compresses for varicose veins of the lower extremities from yogurt with garlic or wrapping with fresh cabbage leaves.
You shouldn't hope for super fast results. The funds are suitable for prophylactic purposes and for the treatment of primary varicose veins of the lower extremities together with medication prescribed by the doctor individually. Do not use any method of treatment without talking to your doctor.
The healing qualities of massage have been known to mankind for a long time. Massage of the lower extremities with varicose veins also has a beneficial effect. It enhances blood and lymph flow, normalizes venous pressure, and starts metabolic processes inside tissues.
The massage technique is peculiar. It is forbidden to touch the area of the affected vein in every possible way, only around it. Light pinching, wide grip and stroking are the main techniques of the procedure. It is recommended to combine massage with a set of exercises.
Gymnastics for varicose veins of the lower extremities involves the implementation of a whole range of actions:
It is important that the doctor not only approves the set of exercises for daily exercises, but also makes sure that the patient performs them correctly, without creating additional stress on the vessels.
It is better to prevent the problem than to cure it later! Experts unanimously recommend the following measures to prevent the disease:
It should be remembered that varicose veins of the lower extremities is a progressive disease. From painless "stars", it can develop into thrombophlebitis and trophic ulcers. Beauty, the absence of pain and heaviness in the legs can be preserved by following the simple recommendations of specialists. If you have the slightest suspicion of illness, hurry to the phlebologist. Remember, varicose veins cannot be completely cured, but it is possible to prevent, to minimize the risk of its further development. Be healthy!