Leg Varicose Vein Surgery

surgery for varicose veins

Late access to a phlebologist with developed varicose veins is the main reason that it is too late to act on the disease with ointment or gel. The doctor has to prescribe more effective treatment, among which the most effective is surgery for varicose veins in the legs.

Do not forget that even the surgical removal of the affected vessel does not guarantee a complete cure - the disease can spread to healthy tissues.

Phlebologist - why contact him

Who should be contacted if there is a suspicion of varicose veins? One should not wait for the spread of the disease, already the first symptoms should be the main reason to go for medical help. Only a phlebologist can confirm or deny the diagnosis, and should be contacted first. Only he, if necessary, can refer to another specialist.

For what symptoms do you need to visit a phlebologist immediately? There are not so few of them:

  1. bright asterisks of blood vessels that appear on the lower extremities;
  2. heaviness in the legs, which is usually accompanied by severe swelling;
  3. seizures, most often disturbing at night;
  4. skin tone changes, it becomes darker and more unnatural.

If you do not rush to the hospital, the disease will begin to develop rapidly, the spider veins will begin to increase in size and protrude above the skin. The only treatment option in such cases is surgery for varicose veins in the legs, which a phlebologist will prescribe after a thorough examination.

What types of leg surgery can be prescribed by a phlebologist

Surgical treatment may be prescribed depending on the degree of vascular damage. Only a phlebologist can determine which method of getting rid of the disease is needed, but this will require a number of studies.

Types of leg surgery:

  1. Miniflebectomy. It is carried out with minor vascular lesions. During the operation, the doctor makes punctures, through which the veins are removed. After the procedure, minor defects remain on the lower extremities, which are almost invisible.
  2. Phlebectomy. The most common, but also the most traumatic for the skin, surgery, which leaves behind scars. The surgeon makes long incisions through which he removes the vessels affected by the disease. The rehabilitation is short - the next day the patient can go home.
  3. Stripping short. Incisions are not made - the surgeon makes several punctures through which only the diseased part of the vessel is removed.
  4. Sclerotherapy. A special substance is injected into the affected vessels, it glues the destroyed tissues. There is no postoperative period at all - the patient can go home immediately after the procedure.
  5. Endovenous coagulation. Exposure to the affected veins with a laser is the safest and fastest method of treatment. Efficiency and painlessness are the main advantages of the treatment.

Surgery for varicose veins in the legs is the most extreme treatment option, although in most cases it turns out to be the most effective.

Laser Varicose Veins Surgery

New methods in medicine make it possible to get rid of the affected vessels of the lower extremities practically painlessly and with minor injuries. Laser surgery for varicose veins is an excellent alternative to surgical treatment.

When is endovenous coagulation indicated? There are not so few reasons for the operation, and they all do not respond to local or pill treatment:

  1. varicose veins, in which large and important vessels were affected;
  2. heaviness and swelling in the lower extremities that do not respond to other treatment;
  3. trophic changes were found on the skin;
  4. the lower limbs are covered with ulcers, which are not affected by topical drugs.

How is the operation going? The surgeon makes an incision in front of the affected vessel and inserts a special probe with a laser tip. The laser glues the affected areas of the vessel, after which the next incision is made and vein restoration continues.

Laser treatment - what are the advantages of the method over other operations

Despite the considerable number of types of operations for varicose veins, it is the laser effect that has gained popularity among patients. A significant role here is assigned to the low cost of the procedure, but more often victims of the disease are attracted by the absence of pain during the operation and efficiency.

how is the operation performed for varicose veins

Laser treatment has many advantages that also attract patients:

  1. immediately after the operation, you can go home and start your daily activities;
  2. the procedure is performed under local anesthesia;
  3. no consequences remain on the skin;
  4. the procedure is carried out in just a few hours;
  5. no need to recover from surgery;
  6. there is no risk of bruising or bleeding at all;
  7. the procedure has practically no contraindications.

Before the operation, you will have to undergo special studies that will help determine exactly that there is no other treatment option. During an additional examination, it will also be revealed whether there are any contraindications, and whether the laser operation will lead to complications or side effects.

Consequences that may arise after the operation

Even if the operation, despite the chosen method, was successful, there is no guarantee that unpleasant and unexpected consequences will not occur. Most often, especially if surgical intervention was used, scars remain that can remain for a lifetime. To avoid this, you can find out in advance with the doctor which drugs or folk remedies promote healing and prevent scarring.

Another of the consequences that may occur after surgery is a relapse of the disease. Even if the procedure was successful, doctors cannot guarantee that healthy tissues will not be affected by the disease. Of course, this will not happen right away, but it is better to carefully monitor the state of the vessels and at the first signs of damage immediately consult a doctor.

How to avoid unpleasant consequences, you can ask your doctor immediately after the operation. The phlebologist is obliged not only to tell in detail what measures will serve as prevention, but also to recommend drugs or folk remedies that can be used at home to prevent relapse.

Rehabilitation - what to do to avoid complications after surgery

Only after several types of surgery may need rehabilitation, and this period has its own characteristics. The requirements and rules that the patient must comply with are determined by the specialist separately, on an individual basis.

Most often, during the rehabilitation period, medical underwear is prescribed, which helps to strengthen the walls of the vessels on which the surgery was performed. The class and type of compression hosiery is prescribed only by a doctor, this cannot be done independently in any case - a mistake in the choice threatens to re-develop the disease. The duration of wearing medical underwear is also determined by the phlebologist - for some patients, several weeks are enough, for others, with complications, they will have to wear jersey for a longer period.

Another stage of recovery is taking special medications that restore blood flow in the vessels undergoing surgery. Medicines are prescribed only by a phlebologist, and many of the remedies have many contraindications that need to be carefully studied before taking.

Surgery for varicose veins in the legs is almost the only way to get rid of a progressive disease. You should not be afraid to go to the doctor if the disease develops quickly and inexorably, affecting healthy tissues - if you do not stop the disease immediately, even the operation may be powerless.

14.09.2020